Both men and women can have issues that affect fertility. The most common causes in women are:
In men, common causes include:
Genetic disorders, some chronic diseases, and chemotherapy and radiation treatment can also cause fertility problems in both men and women.
The first step in determining the cause of infertility is to schedule an office visit to decide if testing is in order. It's important to note that many couples can have some difficulty conceiving, especially if their lives are very stressful. Often, conception occurs once these issues are resolved. Infertility is defined as actively trying to become pregnant for 12 consecutive months without success; however, some couples decide to undergo testing earlier. Diagnostic testing begins with medical histories of both partners, followed by blood work, semen sampling, diagnostic imaging, pelvic examination, and sometimes, minimally-invasive procedures to look inside the uterus to check for fibroids, structural problems or other issues that could be interfering with conception.
Fertility treatments can include hormone therapy to regulate ovulation or otherwise improve fertility or surgical procedures to remove fibroids, polyps or adhesions, or to correct other underlying issues. IVF (in vitro fertilization) and IUI (intrauterine insemination) can also be helpful for many couples. In IVF, a woman's eggs are removed during a minimally-invasive procedure and combined with the man's sperm in a lab setting. Once fertilization occurs, one or more embryos are implanted into the uterus. In IUI, sperm is collected and placed in the uterus during a minimally-invasive procedure. The goal of IUI is to increase the chances of fertility by increasing the number of sperm that can reach the egg and fertilize it.
We accept most major insurance plans. If you have questions about your elegibility or coverage, please call our office. We are happy to help you.
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